Africa is a crowded place with little hygiene and health facilities, and hence, it was being looked at as an easy target for the Covid 19 .
In the early stages of the pandemic, all the experts feared that Africa was in trouble and even the continent’s most developed health system would soon be overwhelmed. It was infact speculated that it would eventually turn out to be the country with maximum deaths. The major reasons for this would be Crowded townships. Poor hygiene and the impossibility of social distancing in communities, where large families often share a single room.
But all the speculations have been proved wrong with South Africa having covid-19 death rate about 7 times lower than that of the UK. South African top Virologist , Professor Shabir said, “I thought we were heading towards a disaster, a complete meltdown.”
Many explanations have been given for the ‘Enigmatic situation.’ (Enigmatic means difficult to interpret or understand; mysterious). Theories relating to temperature and altitude have been marginalized.
Youthful population is the best explanation yet, since age is the highest risk factor. However, as pandemic continues, the researchers and analysts seem to think otherwise. And don’t believe demographics to be the only reason for the success rate.
Early lockdowns and awareness about masks and oxygen supplies must have had an evidently vital role to play.Some experts warn that a vast and poorly connected continent may simply be biding its time, and that the virus could strike hard in the coming months.
Experts however, have warned that living conditions in poor, urban communities across Africa are likely to contribute to a rapid spread of coronavirus. “Population density is such a key factor. If you don’t have the ability to social distance, the virus spreads,” said Professor Salim Abdool Karim, the head of South Africa’s ministerial advisory team on Covid-19.