From only 43 ministers in 2014 to 77 ministers in 2021, the ruling party recently carried out a cabinet reshuffle process in its second term of governance and brought in 36 new ministers, marking the beginning of a new political era. The government of Narendra Modi has seen significant changes.
Many prominent ministers resigned from their posts and new faces can be seen handling the ministries. The reason given for this reshuffle process is the criticism that ruling party faced for handling covid crisis in India and the bad economy which is recorded to be in negative numbers presently.
No changes were made in the Ministry of Finance, Ministry of Home Affairs and Ministry of External Affairs. Whereas, new faces can be seen in other prominent Ministries like Health, Education, IT, Environment etc.
Education minister Ramesh Pokhriyal Nishank who introduced the New Education Policy (NEP) is replaced by Dharmendra Pradhan.
Environment minister, Prakash Jawdekar who was criticised for introducing EIA Draft Notification 2020, is replaced by Bhupender Yadav.
HEALTH and FAMILY WELFARE
Mansukh Mandaviya will replace Dr Harshvardhan as Health Minister, who was criticized for launching Coronil with Baba Ramdev.
LAW and JUSTICE
Ministry of Law and Justice will now be handled by Kiren Rijiju instead of Ravishankar prasad.
Railways, Communication & Electronics and Information Technology now comes under the ambit of Ashwini Vaishnav
Amit Shah who is the Home Affairs Minister of India is added with a responsibility to manage the Ministry of Cooperation. Nitin Gadkari is retained as Minister of Road, Transport and Highways of India. Jyotiraditya Scindia who was in Congress earlier is now the Civil Aviation Minister, his predecessor being Hardeep Singh Puri.
MINORITY and WOMEN
The reshuffle that took place in the second term of the ruling government, display increased Caste and Minority representation. Belonging to the Tribal population, Mr Arjun Munda is the Minister of Tribal Affairs. The most positive aspect of this reshuffle is the increased women representation. This reshuffle led to the addition of 7 more women in the ministry, which took the total count to 11 from 4.Mukhtar Abbas Naqvi continues to be the Minority Affairs Minister. 5 ministers from the minority community are present in the cabinet, distribution being 1 Sikh, 1 Muslim, 2 Buddhists and 1 Christian. From the OBC background, 27 ministers are included in the new cabinet out of which 5 are for cabinet rank.
There are a total of 8 ST ministers that will join the government, of which 3 are for cabinet rank. Belonging to the SC community a total of 12 ministers are included in the cabinet reshuffle, of which 2 will hold the cabinet rank. The cabinet expansion now holds 77 ministers of which 48 are from non- upper-caste backgrounds. Council of Ministers also accommodates a large number of ministers from the East, the Northeast (Assam, Tripura, Manipur) and 4 ministers belonging to the state of West Bengal.
Though the ruling government reshuffled the cabinet ministers to get rid of non-performing assets, many experts are still criticizing their decision. They advised that cabinet reshuffle will lead to no progress if PMO continues its involvement in every decision-making process of any Ministry and PMO should limit its interference in managing all the Ministries