In a milestone decision, the union government has declared a 27% reservation for OBC, and a 10% reservation for EWS applicants in the All India Quota for undergrad and postgraduate medical/dental courses (MBBS/MD/MS/Diploma/BDS/MDS) from the current scholarly year 2021-22 onwards. The All India Quota (AIQ) Scheme was presented in 1986 under the ways of the Supreme Court to accommodate home free legitimacy based freedoms to understudies from any state to try to concentrate in a decent medical college situated in another state.
All India Quota comprises of 15% of all out accessible UG seats and half of all out accessible PG seats in government medical colleges. At first, there was no reservation in AIQ Scheme up to 2007. In 2007, Supreme Court presented reservation of 15% for SCs and 7.5% for STs in the AIQ Scheme. At the point when the Central Educational Institutions (Reservation in Admission) Act became compelling in 2007 accommodating uniform 27% reservation to OBCs, the equivalent was carried out in every one of the Central Educational Institutions viz. Safdarjung Hospital, Lady Harding Medical College, Aligarh Muslim University and Banaras Hindu University and so forth
In any case, this was not reached out to the AIQ seats of state medical and dental colleges. The association government has now taken a notable choice to accommodate 27% reservation for OBCs and 10% reservation for EWS in the AIQ Scheme. The OBC understudies from the nation over will presently have the option to take advantage of this reservation in AIQ Scheme to seek seats in any state.
Medical seats expanded to oblige reservation: In request to give advantage to understudies having a place with EWS class in admission to higher instructive organizations, a Constitutional change was made in 2019 which empowered the arrangement of 10% reservation for EWS classification.
As needs be, seats in medical/dental colleges were expanded more than two years in 2019-20 and 2020-21 to oblige this extra 10% EWS reservation so the all out number of seats accessible for open classification don’t decrease. In the AIQ seats, in any case, this advantage had not been broadened up until now.
In this manner, alongwith the 27% reservation for OBCs, 10% reservation for EWS is likewise being stretched out in AIQ seats for all the undergrad/postgraduate medical/dental courses from the flow scholastic year 2021-22. This will help each year around in excess of 550 EWS understudies for MBBS and around 1000 EWS understudies for PG medical courses. This choice is additionally in a state of harmony with the critical changes completed in the field of medical instruction since 2014. During the most recent six years, MBBS seats in the nation have expanded by 56% from 54,348 seats in 2014 to 84,649 seats in 2020 and the quantity of PG seats has expanded by 80% from 30,191seats in 2014 to 54,275 seats in 2020. During a similar period, 179 new medical colleges have been set up and presently the nation has 558 (Govt: 289, Pvt: 269) medical colleges.